Understanding the Types of Drainage Systems

We need to control water run off so that we don’t drown our vegetation. This means proper rainwater management.

Collected rainwater is used to replenish a town’s freshwater supply.

The longer water sits on a surface, the more susceptible it is to contamination.

There are few types of drainage systems, and each type is used for a different purpose.

Surface Drainage System

Drainage systems remove excess water from the land’s surface.

If the ground surface is not already sloped away from the channels, you can add a grade of soil to it.

Different types of surfaces drainage systems are open drains, humps and hollows, levees, and grassed waterways.

A cast in place trench drain is a perfect example of a surface drainage system.

Subsurface Drainage System

Subsurface drainage systems are implemented beneath the top layer of soil.

They’re also known as French drains and are great at removing excess water. They work at the root level and are very effective at removing excess water.

Dig trenches for sewer lines.

ABT sells a variety of subsurface drainage solutions that are based on the needs and the location of where the drain would be placed.

Slope Drainage System

Slope drains are designed to direct water away from a building and downward into the earth.

It is done with the aid of pipes that move down through the slope.

It’s easy to install a gravity-fed rain gutter. As the water runs along the exterior of the roof, it flows down and into the drainpipe

Downspouts and Gutter Systems

Downspouts and gutter systems are the first line of defense against water runoff. They help prevent water damage in the house by diverting it away from the foundation.

Rainwater is often drained into a metal, plastic or concrete extension, buried drain pipe, rain barrel, or some other solution.

The purpose is to channel rainwater from the roof and drain it safely away from the building.

There are times when the pipe is buried so deeply that it connects to the sewer line. They are also known as “gutter drains” or “underground drains.

With understanding the types of drainage systems, you’ll see that often multiple types work together to remove water and guide it to an appropriate place.

Drainage systems are an essential part of water conservation and preservation.

Benefits of Drain Relining Service

Drainage vs plumbing: what is the difference?


Supplies water and gas into the home.

Relies on external mains pressure.


Carries water and wastewater away from the home.

Relies on gravity.

Generally speaking, plumbing refers to the system of bringing fresh, clean water into your home and gas. Water pipes are the plumbing system that carries water to your home.

Any drainage system that is meant to keep water away from your property is considered a drainage system. When you flush the toilet or pull the plug to empty a bath or sink, that’s drainage in action.


However, we take care of both and even more!
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